An incisional hernia will occur when there is a weakness in the muscles in the abdomen. This weakness will allow tissues inside of the abdomen to push their way through the muscle. The bulge that it creates might be tender to the touch or painful depending on what it is putting pressure on and how large it is.
This weakness in the muscles is usually caused by an incision that was made in abdominal surgery. These are usually so small that only the lining of the abdominal cavity or the peritoneum is able to push through. However, in a few severe cases parts of organs might move.
These types of hernias will usually occur in people who are obese, pregnant, or who have had one or more abdominal surgeries. It is not uncommon for someone who gains a great deal of weight after surgery or who might become pregnant to suffer from it. This is because they are placing a lot of pressure on the muscles and creating the area to become even more weak than it already is.
Identifying The Problem
The incisional hernia will usually occur between 3 to 6 months after the surgery has taken place. These are types of reducible hernias. This means that you will have the ability to push them back inside. Most people will not even notice these unless they are coughing, sneezing, or lifting heavy objects.
It is easier to identify the problem when you see the bulge. Some people will not even see it until it has become quite large. You should make an appointment with your doctor. They will perform a physical exam and tests to know what the problem is. From there you both will be able to decide the best course of treatment that should be taken.